Coordination Center for TLD .RU
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF DOMAIN NAMES REGISTRATION IN DOMAIN .RU
Index of the document
Approved by decision
Document effective date
Status of the document
Cancelled (modified) by decision
Date of expiry
Please note: This document of the Coordination Center for TLD RU has been translated from the Russian version. The Russian version is the master copy, and has precedence over the English translation if a conflict between the two should arise.
1. Main definitions
2. Domain names
3. General provisions of the Contract between the Registrar and the User
4. Domain name registration
5. Domain name information support
7. Extension of the registration validity period
8. Surrender of the administration rights, transfer of the administration rights
9. Disputes on domain names
10. Modifications of the Terms and Conditions
1. General provisions
2. The information authenticity guarantee
3. Information dissemination
Terms and Conditions of domain names registration in domain .RU (hereinafter referred to as the "Terms and Conditions") determine basic rights and obligations of users and individuals interacting with them in connection with registration of the second-level domain names in domain .RU
1. MAIN DEFINITIONS
Domain — area (string) in the hierarchical space of the Internet domain names system marked with a unique domain name.
Domain RU — the top level domain with the domain name “ru”. Registration of the second-level domain names in domain .RU shall be exercised in compliance with the present Terms and Conditions.
Coordinator — an authorized body, which manages domain .RU in the interests of the local and global Internet-community and organizes the functioning of the Register of domain .RU.
Domain administration — identification by the User of the Terms and Conditions developed for use of the domain. The administration rights shall exist due to an agreement on the domain name registration and shall be valid from the moment of registration of the domain name through the registration validity period.
Domain administrator — User who exercises administration of the domain.
Domain name registration — recording information of the domain name as an entry in the Register. The registration validity period is one year since the moment of registration, but it may be extended for next year by means of re-registration. Registration may be terminated earlier in the cases as provided for by the Terms and Conditions.
Domain name re-registration — recording information regarding the one-year extension of the registration validity period as an entry in the Register.
Cancellation of registration — deleting the information on the domain name information from the Register.
Registration blockage period — the period after the termination of the registration validity period up to its cancellation or the domain name re-registration.
Register — centralized integrity of databases under domain .RU which contain information on registered domain names. The composition of the subject to entering in the Register is given in the Appendix.
Registrar — a legal entity accredited by the Coordinator for rendering registration services to users.
User — an individual entity who has entered in the Contract for registration of the domain name.
2. DOMAIN NAMES
2.1. The domain name should contain between two and 63 characters. It should begin and end with a letter of the Roman alphabet or a digit. The Roman alphabet characters, figures, or a hyphen can serve as the in-between symbols. The domain name cannot bear hyphens simultaneously in the third and forth positions.
The full domain name shall have an indication to the top level domain, namely, «.ru» ending.
2.2. A number of domain names fall under the category of reserved domain names (which includes the domain names assigned for general use and the names used for the government’s needs), whose registration and use are exercised in compliance with special procedures. Their lists, as well as their registration and administration procedures are subject for the Coordinator’s approval and posting on the website at «http://www.cctld.ru».
2.3. The domain name which has not been included into the list of reserved names, may be registered by any individual’s application. The closed list of reasons on account of which the Registrar shall have the right to refuse the domain name registration is provided in the present Terms and Conditions (clause 4.4).
3. GENERAL PROVISIONS OF THE CONTRACT BETWEEN THE REGISTRAR AND THE USER
3.1. Provisions of a Contract for the domain names registration (hereinafter the "Contract") shall be set by the Registrar. The domain names registration Contract shall be a public agreement.
3.2. The Contract stipulates that the parties accept these Terms and Conditions and established procedures of their modification as binding ones.
3.3. The timelines set by the Terms and Conditions shall be determined by Moscow time with holidays being set to the Federal law.
3.4. The Registrar shall have the right to determine procedures of preparation, submission and consideration of applications, as well as payment procedures, and other conditions for services delivery provided for by the Terms and Conditions.
3.5. In the event the Registrar has been deprived of his accreditation, the Coordinator shall notify the Administrator by means of electronic mail and by posting the appropriate information on the website at «http://www.cctld.ru».
3.6. The Registrar shall be responsible only for the actions directly stipulated by the registration and the domain support procedures. The Registrar shall not be held responsible for possible resilience of the domain names system resulting from technical peculiarities of the Internet and being beyond the Registrar’s control.
3.7. The Registrar shall have the right to engage third parties in order to interact with the User; however this shall not relieve the Registrar from the obligations provided for by the present Terms and Conditions.
4. DOMAIN NAME REGISTRATION
4.1. Registration of domain names is exercised for the purpose of the subsequent use for addressing the User’s resources in the Internet.
4.2. The User shall select a domain name on his own and shall be held responsible for possible infringements of the third parties’ rights in relation to the selection and use of the domain name. As well, the User shall bear the risk of losses associated with such infringements.
In order to prevent any potential infringements, prior to submission of his application, the User shall be recommended to ensure that there exist no trademarks and other objects of intellectual property similar to the domain name submitted for registration.
4.3. Registration of the domain name shall be exercised upon the User’s application. The application shall be accepted for consideration provided the User honors terms and conditions of the Contract.
Applications accepted for the domain names registration shall be considered on the first come, first served.
4.4. Reasons for refusal of registration shall be:
(1) The given domain name is already in the Register;
(2) The domain name is already on the list of reserved domain names;
(3) The use, as a domain name, of words, which contradict public interests, principles of humanity and morality (in particular, words of obscene content, slogans of inhuman nature, which insult human dignity or religious sentiments).
4.5. Refusal of registration on the grounds not provided for by the Terms and Conditions is impermissible. Upon the User’s request, the Registrar’s decision on refusal of registration should be given in writing.
4.6. In cases when the domain name registration did not take place for any reasons, the Registrar shall not be entitled to disclose the information received from the User about his intention to register a certain domain name.
4.7. In the absence of the reasons for refusal, the Registrar shall register the domain name.
5. DOMAIN NAME INFORMATION SUPPORT
5.1. During the lifetime of the registration validity period, there should be exercised the support of the domain name (the domain support), videlicet, recording in the Register reported by the Administrator information related to the domain name and subject to recording in the Register, including the details required for the Administrator’s identification (clause 5.2 of the Terms and Conditions) and for delegation of the domain (clause 5.3).
5.2. The details required for the Administrator’s identification shall include: for the private individual: name in full, registered address, and information on the identification document supported by a copy of this document; for the legal entity: name in full, location and information on its legal registration supported by a copy of the legal registration certificate of the legal entity with a copy of the certificate of registration and incorporation of the legal entity into the State Register of Legal Entities (for a legal entity registered in the territory of the Russian Federation) or a copy of other document, which proves the legal registration (for legal entities registered in the territory of another state). The Registrar must retain submitted by the Administrator documents in the electronic or in the hard copy through the lifetime of the Contract, as well as for three years after the expiry date of the Contract.
5.3. The data which is required for the domain delegation comprise names of the domain’s DNS servers, as well as the IP-addresses of the said servers, should the name of the DNS server contain the name of the delegated domain.
5.4. The domain support is secured by the Registrar who has exercised registration (re-registration) of the domain name (providing he has not reassigned the support to another Registrar in compliance with the procedures set forth by clause 5.11 of the Terms and Conditions) or assumed execution of these functions according to the Contract with the Administrator.
The Registrar who has registered (re-registered) the domain name shall support the domain during the set registration validity period without an additional payment.
5.5. Where the Contract had been concluded prior to the present version of the Terms and Conditions, without submission by the User of documents required for the Administrator’s identification, The Registrar shall make an appropriate entry in the Register. As well, the Register does not honor the Administrator’s subsequent applications until the following documents are submitted:
(1) On the changes of the information required for the Administrator’s identification;
(2) On reassignment of the domain support to another Registrar;
(3) On transfer of the domain administration rights to another Administrator;
(4) On relinquishment of the administration rights (registration cancellation);
(5) On the domain registration.
5.6. The Registrar who supports the domain name cannot unilaterally refuse to exercise these functions.
5.7. During the lifetime of the domain name registration validity period, the Administrator is bound to notify the Registrar about changes of the information subject to entering in the Register. The Registrar is bound to enter in the Register the information reported by the Administrator within five working days after its receipt, except for the cases specified in subparagraph (1) clause 5.5., which requires that the data necessary for the Administrator’s identification should be supported by documents.
5.8. The Registrar shall have the right to verify the information submitted by the Administrator or entered in the Register by requesting clarification and supporting documents from the Administrator. The Administrator is bound to complete the Registrar’s request within timelines as follows:
(1) Within ten days from the moment the notification has been dispatched if while concluding the Contract, the Administrator submitted the supporting documents required for the Administrator’s identification;
(2) Within three days from the moment the notification has been dispatched if from the moment of concluding the Contract and through the moment the notification was dispatched the Administrator had failed to submit documents required for the supporting Administrator’s identification.
The Registrar shall send requests by means of electronic mail at the Administrator’s address as entered in the Register. The request should include a warning about consequences of the failure to honor it within the specified timeline.
5.9. The Registrar’s actions in the event the Administrator fails to execute Registrar’s requests.
5.9.1. Where the Registrar’s request does not concern information required for the Administrator’s identification, the Registrar ceases processing the Administrator’s applications related to the domain (including applications for re-registration) upon expiration of the period set in subparagraphs (1) and (2) clause 5.8 in the following cases:
(1) The Administrator has failed to process the request; and/or
(2) Information contained in the Register was found inauthentic.
5.9.2. Where the Registrar’s request concerns information required for the Administrator’s identification, the Registrar suspends the domain delegation upon expiration of the period set in subparagraphs (1) and (2) clause 5.8., in the following cases:
(1) The Administrator has failed to process the request; and/or
(2) Information contained in the Register was found inauthentic.
5.9.3. The Registrar has the right to suspend delegation immediately without a prior notification, should he receive information about unauthenticated information entered in the Register which is required for the Administrator’s identification.
5.9.4. Restrictions set in clauses 5.9.1., 5.9.2., and 5.9.3. apply until the Administrator submits requested by the Registrar information and documents.
5.9.5. In the event the request concerns the information required for the Administrator’s identification and remains pending during two months from the moment of the suspension of the domain delegation, the Registrar has the right to cancel the registration by sending a notification to the Administrator by means of electronic mail not later than in 5 days prior to the cancellation date.
5.10. The Administrator shall have the right to annul the Contract only by refusing the administration rights or assigning the domain support to another Registrar.
5.11. The Administrator shall have the right to reassign support of information about the domain name to another Registrar who has no right to decline exercising these functions. The exception may be situations, when from the point of view of a newly chosen Registrar, the registration of the domain name was completed in contravention to sub-clause (3) clause 4.4 of the present Terms and Conditions.
In order to reassign the domain support, the Administrator shall conclude a contract with the newly chosen Registrar and shall send an application in writing to the current Registrar. The current Registrar is bound, within three working days upon receipt of the application, to complete actions required for assigning the support to the Registrar specified in the application. The Registrar, whom the domain support is reassigned to, shall consequently complete actions required for accepting the domain support, providing the Administrator fulfills the requirements as per the Contract. The domain support shall be considered reassigned from the moment the information on the new Registrar is entered in the Register.
It is not permitted to reassign support functions in the periods established by the present Terms and Conditions (clauses 5.5, 5.9, 9.1, 9.2).
5.12. Where the Registrar is deprived of the accreditation, the Administrator shall have the right to reassign the domain support to another Registrar, regardless of the effect of the restrictions specified in clauses 5.5, 5.9, 9.1, 9.2 of the present Terms and Conditions. Until the reassignment of the support is completed, it shall be the Coordinator or a person authorized by him that shall exercise the right of the Registrar with respect to the Administrator.
6.1. The mandatory condition for the use of the domain name in the Internet is delegation of the domain. Operability of the delegated domain shall be secured by the domain’s DNS servers, namely, hardware-software complexes containing required information about the domain and providing it in accordance with the Internet’s technical requirements. The Administrator’s duty shall be providing no less than two DNS servers of the delegated domain with a reliable connection and the round-the-clock operation mode.
6.2. Data required for the domain delegation shall be entered in the Register on the Administrator’s application by the Registrar who provides the domain support. Entering of the data shall be done upon receipt by the Registrar of positive results of verification of a correct functioning of the delegated domain’s DNS servers.
6.3. Over the period of validity of the domain name registration, the Registrar shall have the right to verify the delegated domain DNS servers at his discretion. Where the verification result is negative, the Registrar shall have the right to suspend the delegation by sending a notification to the Administrator.
6.4. The domain Administrator shall have the right to apply for suspension or renewal of the domain delegation at his discretion except for cases when the delegation is suspended at the Registrar’s initiative.
6.5. The Registrar shall have the right to suspend the delegation at his own initiative solely in cases stipulated in the Terms and Conditions (clauses 5.5, 5.9, 6.3, 6.6) or by terms and conditions of the Contract on domain name registration.
6.6. The domain name delegation shall be terminated by the Registrar upon expiration of the registration period, in the event of cancellation of the registration or on the basis of the effective judgment by the court of law.
7. EXTENSION OF THE REGISTRATION VALIDITY PERIOD
7.1. The domain Administrator shall have the right to extend the domain name registration validity period.
7.2. The Registrar shall be bound to send the Administrator an electronic mail notification with a reminder about the need to re-register the domain name within the month prior to the last month of the registration validity period. In order to extend the domain name registration, the Administrator shall be bound to send the re-registration application to the Registrar regardless of the notification. The application shall be considered, providing the Administrator complies with the terms and conditions of the Contract.
7.3. The re-registration application may be sent no earlier than in two months prior to expiration of the registration validity period. In the even the re-registration application has not arrived prior to expiration of the registration validity period, the Administrator may extend, without prejudice, the registration during the blockage period. While sending the application, its processing period required by the Registrar, as per clause 7.6, should be taken into consideration.
7.4. During the registration blockage period, the Administrator shall have no right to exercise any actions with the domain except for re-registration.
7.5. Registration blockage period shall last 30 calendar days. The blockage period may be extended, should the Registrar receive any evidence of the instituting of proceedings in the court of law (arbitration) in connection with the domain name.
7.6. Where an application for re-registration is received during the blockage period or prior to it, the Registrar shall enter in the Register, within three working days, all the information required for an extension of the registration period, provided the Administrator complies with the terms and conditions of the Contract. Given this, the registration validity period shall be extended for one year starting from an earlier set expiration date of the registration period.
Otherwise, upon expiration of the blockage period, the registration should be cancelled.
7.7. The registration shall be cancelled upon expiration of the blockage period in the cases when acceptance of the application for re-registration is restricted, as per the present Terms and Conditions (clause 5.9).
8. SURRENDER OF THE ADMINISTRATION RIGHTS. TRANSFER OF THE ADMINISTRATION RIGHTS
8.1. The Administrator may at any time, except for the periods stipulated in the present Terms and Conditions (clauses 5.5, 5.9, 8.3, 9.1, 9.2), have the right to relinquish the domain administration rights by sending the Registrar a written notification.
8.2. The Administrator may at any time, except for the periods stipulated in the present Terms and Conditions (clauses 5.5, 5.9, 8.3, 9.1, 9.2) have the right to transfer the domain administration rights to another person by sending the Registrar a written notification that should contain details which allow an unequivocal identification of the person to whom the rights are transferred (the Recipient), and indication to the Registrar as to who will exercise the domain support.
Where the domain support is retained with the present Registrar, he should enter information about the Recipient in the Register within three working days, providing the Recipient has confirmed his consent to receive the rights to administer the domain and concluded a Contract and observed with its terms and conditions.
Where the transfer of the administration rights is accompanied by a change of the Registrar, the present Registrar shall do what is required for transfer of the administration rights within three working days upon receipt of the application. The Registrar to whom the domain support is reassigned shall consequently do what is required to accept the domain support. The Registrar enters data about the Recipient in the Register, provided the Recipient has confirmed his consent to receive the rights to administer the domain, concluded the respective Contract and observed with its terms and conditions.
The domain administration right shall pass to the Recipient after the information about him is entered in the Register.
8.3. The Registrar shall not execute the Administrator’s applications on relinquishment of the domain name or transfer of the administration rights within 60 calendar days upon receipt by the Administrator of administration rights from another person or after the change of Registrar.
9. DISPUTES ON DOMAIN NAMES
9.1. The Administrator shall have no right to concede the administration rights to another person, relinquish the domain name or reassign the domain name support to another Registrar in the event a legal suit has been brought to the court of law (arbitration court) in relation to the domain name. The Registrar shall control observance with the above-mentioned restriction from the moment of receipt of evidence of institution of the suit. The restriction shall remain in force until the Administrator submits to the Registrar evidence that the court proceedings have been terminated; however, the restriction may not last more than 45 calendar days in a row.
During the period of effect of the restriction, the Administrator, upon the Registrar’s consent, shall have the right to transfer the domain administration rights to the plaintiff, providing this action is unequivocally aimed at settling the dispute.
9.2. The Registrar shall terminate on his own the administration right upon receipt of evidence of an effective judgment by the court of law, which:
(1) Forbids the Administrator to use the domain name as a denomination, the rights on which belong to the plaintiff;
(2) Recognizes the domain administration by the Administrator as a violation of the plaintiff’s rights (if the use of such a recovery of the violated rights does not contradict the judgment);
(3) In any other way obliges the Administrator to refuse the domain name.
From the moment the above-mentioned decisions come into force, the Administrator shall have no right to reassign the domain support to another Registrar. Cancellation of the registration or the transfer of the domain administration rights to another person shall be permitted only if the said actions are evidently aimed at execution of judgment.
The person in whose favor the judgment has been made shall enjoy the priority right for registration of the domain name. In order to realize this right, the plaintiff should sign a Contract with the Registrar at his choice within 60 days from the moment the judgment coming into force and confirm his consent to assume the domain administration rights.
9.3. The Registrar and the Coordinator shall not be held responsible before the Administrator for any actions aimed at execution of the effective judgment.
9.4. Where the third parties bring a suit against the Registrar (Coordinator) in connection with registration or use by the Administrator of the domain name, the Administrator should take part in the court proceedings on the part of the Registrar (Coordinator) upon their request, as well as to reimburse the Registrar (Coordinator) losses (including expenses for legal representation) incurred by the Registrar and the Coordinator in connection with the suit.
10. MODIFICATION OF THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS
10.1. The Terms and Conditions can be modified solely upon the Coordinator’s decision that should cover all the Registrars and Users. The Registrar should notify the Administrator about modifications not later than 10 calendar days before the modifications come into force.
10.2. All the actions related to domain names should be exercised in compliance with the version of the Terms and Conditions effective as of the moment of execution of the said actions.
INFORMATION IN THE REGISTER AND ITS USE
1. General provisions
1.1. The information retained in the Register shall be used:
(1) To fix the administration rights of the registered domain names;
(2) To provide addressing possibilities in the Internet;
(3) To provide, upon the third parties’ request, information about domain names in the volume and on terms set by the present Terms and Conditions.
1.2. The Registrar shall have no right to use the information submitted by the User for purposes not stipulated in the Terms and Conditions or in the Contract.
1.3. The Registrar and persons he interacts with in the course of running the Register should take necessary organizational and technical measures to protect the information from the non-sanctioned or accidental access to it, its liquidation, modification, blocking, copying, dissemination, as well as from other wrongful acts as per the current law.
1.4. By submitting the application for registration (re-registration) of the domain name, the User gives his consent to use the information about him in compliance with the Terms and Conditions, as well as guarantees consent by specified by him representatives on the use of provided about them information.
2. Guarantee of the information authenticity
2.1. The User should submit full and authentic information. Should the information fail to be authentic, it will form grounds for refusal of registration; in the event the domain name has already been registered, the unauthenticated information results in taking measures set forth by the Terms and Conditions.
2.2. The User shall guarantee authenticity of the details: e-mail address, postal address, telephone and telefax numbers, etc.), and agrees that any message sent in compliance with the said information shall be considered to be duly sent to the User.
3. Information dissemination
3.1. The «Whois» service (or a service analogous by its functions) and information submitted by its means can be used by the recipient for any purposes, except:
(1) The use of the addresses contained in the information for the purpose of mailing any non-requested information;
(2) Mass sampling of information about domain names, which overloads automated systems that ensure the Register’s functioning.
3.2. The Registrar or the Administrator shall provide to the third parties by means of the «Whois» service (or an analogous by its functions service) information about the domain name entered in the Register:
(1) Information about the Registrar supporting the domain name;
(2) The Administrator’s name in full;
(3) Electronic mail address, telephone and telefax numbers of the Administrator;
(4) Information about the Administrator’s representatives (and their contact addresses) required for solving administrative and technical issues;
(5) The date of the original domain name registration;
(6) The domain name registration expiry date;
(7) The date of the latest changes of the information of the domain name;
(8) Names and IP-addresses of the domain’s DNS servers;
(9) Information about the absence of the domain name delegation, and, possibly, about the period and reasons of the absence of delegation;
(10) Under the agreement between the Administrator and the Registrar — a short text commentary describing the domain name.
(11) The information about submitted by the User documents supporting the data required for identification of the domain’s Administrator.
Where the domain’s Administrator is an individual person, the information referred to in clause (2) is provided on condition that the Registrar has the Administrator’s permission in writing.
Where the Administrator’s representatives are individual persons, the information referred to in clause (4) is provided on condition that the Registrar has the Administrator’s guarantees of being in possession of permission in writing by the aforementioned representatives (physical persons).
Where such permission is unavailable, the information should be provided in an unspecified form.
3.3. Any information regarding the domain name and the Administrator, which is retained in the Register except the information referred to in clause 3.2 of this Appendix, shall be kept confidential, if not provided for otherwise in the Contract. The volume of the information to be retained shall be determined by the Registrar.
3.4. Confidential information can be provided to the third parties solely in the following cases and solely in the volume restricted by the purpose of the request:
(1) To ensure resiliency of the registration system’s functioning, including the situation when the Registrar has discontinued exercising his functions (due to the loss of accreditation, bankruptcy, etc.);
(2) To provide by the Coordinator’s representatives completeness and quality of the maintenance of Register;
(3) At the request of the court of law or in other cases set by the law.
3.5. On the request in writing from the third parties, the Registrar shall have the right to report them information about the exact name in full and location (residence) of the Administrator solely for the purpose of bringing an action. At the Administrator’s request, the Registrar is bound to provide him information about persons who have been in receipt of such information.
3.6. The Registrar is bound to submit the domain information retained in the Register at the Administrator’s request.